The most terrible complication of diabetes is long-term hyperglycemia. The biggest harm to diabetes patients is the harm of many complications to the whole body. Complications of diabetes can be prevented in advance. In our daily life, we should pay attention to the following 10 small methods:
1. Choice of food
Diabetics eat carbohydrates in a good amount and should choose carbohydrates that slowly break down and provide stable energy, such as whole wheat, beans, nuts and fresh fruits and vegetables. Eat more healthy food, such as deep sea fish and dark green leafy vegetables. Replace saturated or trans fats with unsaturated fats, such as olive oil.
2. Lose weight
Weight loss reduces the risk of complications, as well as blood sugar and blood pressure. If you want to lose weight, you should first avoid fat food, such as fat meat, fried food, cream products, etc. Protein intake should not be too low, choose fish, poultry, low-fat dairy products, bean products. Eating more green leaves or melon vegetables and coarse grains can not only satisfy your stomach, but also supplement the deficiency of vitamins, inorganic salts and dietary fiber.
People with sleep difficulties are in an abnormal state of excitement at night. On the one hand, they make the patients feel tired and fidgety, which further aggravates the sympathetic excitement; on the other hand, the excessive sympathetic excitement will make the blood sugar rise rapidly. Therefore, diabetic patients with fasting blood glucose rise should not only consider whether insulin dose is not enough, but also to see whether sleep is poor.
4. Stick to sports
Exercise for half an hour every day can reduce cholesterol and blood pressure, and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. In addition, exercise can relieve the pressure and help to control blood sugar.
5. Monitoring blood glucose
By monitoring blood glucose, we can know whether the current treatment plan is effective, what kind of diet and exercise we are suitable for, adjust the treatment plan in time according to the blood glucose situation, and achieve individualized treatment.
6. Control pressure
Stress can cause blood sugar to rise, so deep breathing, yoga and other ways of reducing stress are very effective. To maintain an optimistic attitude, learn to release pressure and emotions.
7. Eat less salt
Low salt food can lower blood pressure and protect kidney. In modern society, most of the salt people eat comes from finished and semi-finished food, so it's best to cook with fresh ingredients and keep a light diet.
8. Pay attention to infection
Diabetic patients have a high risk of infection and slow recovery, so even small wounds should be treated immediately. In addition, check the feet every day for blisters, wounds, swelling, etc., and keep the feet warm in winter.
9. Quit smoking
Smoking is twice as likely to cause cardiovascular disease as non-smoking diabetic patients. Quitting smoking is good for heart and lung, and it can lower blood pressure, reduce the probability of stroke, heart disease and kidney disease.
10. Regular inspection
Go to the hospital regularly to check the glycosylated hemoglobin every three months. If you are injecting insulin or the blood sugar deviates from the normal value, you need to increase the number of medical visits. In addition, the eyes, nerves, kidneys and teeth should be examined every year.